Jökulsá í Lóni – East

Vatnajokull disappears from view when moving east from Homafjor6ur, for its Eastern outlet glaciers do not reach the lowlands. Although precipitation is high. the accumulation zones on the mountain ranges of Goðahryggur, Goðahnúkar and Grendill are small and thin and their valley glaciers short and steep and far from human habitation. They have played an insignificant role in the country’s history, although there used to be an ancient route over the glacier from Homafjorður to the Fljótsdalshérað region in the northeast. Meltwater from these glaciers flows into one river, Jökulsá í Lóni, and the glaciers themselves are frequently referred to as the Lón glaciers. The Jökulsá í Lóni meanders in braided streams through the lowlands similar to the river estuary in Hornafjörður, and it has often damaged vegetation and been difficult to cross.
The Stafafellsfjöll mountains in the Lónsöræfi wilderness are now a nature reserve; some of them reach a height of over 1000 m and are crowned with snow cover and glaciers. Lónsöræfi has stupendous scenery and is a hiker’s paradise. The colourful mountains bear witness to volcanoes 5- 7 million years old, savagely eroded by ice-age glaciers, and a ravine harrowed out by mountain rivers, a variety of waterfalls, birch copses in gullies, and green banks of grass in valleys, can all be found there. Lambatungnajökull is the southernmost and largest of the Lón outlet glaciers. It heads east along Goðahryggur ridge and then down into Skyndidalur. The glacier is 15 km long and has gouged out the deepest bed of these glaciers, or as low as 250 m above sea level.

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